CITRUS

Rossa di Sicilia oranges

Rossa di Sicilia oranges are unique, and they account for less than 1.5% of global orange production. The uniqueness of Rossa di Sicilia oranges derives from the peculiar microclimate of some special areas, in the province of Catania, Siracusa, Enna and Ragusa, where strong daily temperature changes in the winter – attributed by some to Mount Etna – promote the ripening and colour of the blood orange cultivar (Moro, Tarocco and Sanguinello). The high quality of blood orange pulp and juice – compared to the widely available blond oranges – provides a healthy product to end consumers. The quality of these products is obtained through several factors: the content of Vitamin C is 30-40% higher, on average, than the other citrus varieties; their fragrance, taste, slight acidity and aromas differentiate them from blonde fruits, which are more bland and tasteless, in comparison; they are easy to peel and divide, making them ideal for certain end consumer categories (students, workers, fast-food clients, etc.) that consume a low quantity of natural products and fresh fruit in general; the presence of certain substances – such as anthocyanins, flavonoid vitamins, terpenes, beta-carotene – positively affects the wellness of end consumers, because they have antioxidant effects, stimulate the immune system, help prevent cancer, provide calcium, magnesium and potassium, help detox the body through organic acids, and help regulate bowel movements, thanks to the presence of soluble and insoluble dietary fibres.

Moro Oranges

Ripening period: December/February
This variety ripens between December and February, and it is the most intense blood orange; its colour can almost become black.
Maybe this important Sicilian blood orange cultivar originated in the Lentini citrus cultivation region…

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Tarocco oranges

Ripening period: December/May
The most widespread blood orange is Sicilian citrus groves, it ripens between December and May. It became popular after World War II, following the commercial success and the resizing of low-quality pigmented and blonde oranges. The fruit has an intense orange colour…

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Sanguinello oranges

Ripening period: March/May
This Sicilian cultivar has unknown origins; it has been present for a long time in the citrus cultivation areas of the Siracusa and Catania provinces. Its importance in the Italian citrus cultivation economy is significant, because it is the most important mid-season Italian cultivar, which, after the “Moro” and “Tarocco” oranges…

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Newhall

Like the Washington Navel, this type of orange has a smaller growing fruit on its top. Newhall is an early orange cultivar, with Spanish origins. These fruits have a large size, a spherical – or sometimes, quite oblung – shape and a dark orange colour, tending to red…

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Valencia

It’s the most common orange cultivar, worldwide. These fruits have a medium/large size, a spherical – or sometimes, quite oblung – shape and orange colour. In some cases, they could become green again. Their peel has a medium/medium-thin grain, and a medium thickness. The pulp, totally or almost seedless, has a high juice gain…

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Femminello

Its origins are unknown. Probably, it’s one of the first type of lemon cultivation grown in Sicily, as Femminello is widespread in the whole island. Femminello lemon is quite variable in size, shape, peel and skin thickness, number of seeds, juice quantity…

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Avana and Tardivo

Tangerine fruits are an heterogeneous group of citrus. They are worldwide spread. The most commonly cultivated among the Mediterranean area are Avana and Tardivo cultivar. In Italy, the cultivation in located in the Palermo-Misilmeri area and in…

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White and Pink

Grapefruit is maybe the only citrus that doesn’t have Asiatic origins, since it derives from Antilles. These fruits are bigger than oranges and, here in Sicily, they grow in small cultivation areas. This allows Ortogel…

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Clementina, nova, talco

These very sweet citrus have a thin skin and are almost totally seedless. Clementina has risen from a crossbreed between tangerine and orange. Nova is a crossbreed between “Tangelo Orlando” and “Clementina”.